The Jeuns

Connection between High-fat Diet and Sleep Quality in T1D Patients

April 29, 2024 | by The Jeuns

A recent study on patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) has revealed a significant correlation between high intake of fatty foods and poor sleep quality. Researchers highlighted the bidirectional link between sleep disorders, eating behaviors, and glucose metabolism in individuals with T1D. The study focused on patients using insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitoring, excluding those on multiple daily insulin injections for a more homogeneous cohort.

Participants in the study self-reported their dietary and sleeping habits using various questionnaires. Based on the results, they were categorized into groups with good or bad sleep quality, long or short sleep duration, and long or short sleep onset latency.

Bad sleepers were found to have higher intakes of saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, along with high-energy meals, alcohol, coffee, and tea. The study emphasized the prevalence of sleep-related issues in T1D patients compared to the general population. Researchers noted that a fatty diet exacerbates poor sleep, and Westernized dietary habits can impact sleep quality.

The study also found that individuals with T1D have a more challenging time falling and staying asleep compared to the general public. Analyzing dinner and daily dietary composition, researchers observed that bad sleepers had higher percentages of polyunsaturated fatty acids and overall fat intake compared to good sleepers.

The authors suggested that poor sleep quality can negatively impact physical health, cognitive functioning, mood, and insulin sensitivity. They called for randomized trials to clarify the relationship between dietary habits and sleep quality in T1D patients to develop customized educational strategies.

Overall, the study sheds light on the importance of dietary habits in impacting sleep quality for individuals with type 1 diabetes. Researchers hope that by understanding these relationships better, they can help mitigate the cardiovascular risks associated with unhealthy lifestyles.


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